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The Monument is touted as the tallest isolated stone column in the world. Enjoy panoramic views over the city from the top of this 202-foot-tall (61-meter) tower and admire its grand architecture.
The Monument was designed in 1671 by Sir Christopher Wren and Dr. Robert Hooke to memorialize the Great Fire of London, which occurred in 1666. It was built with the goal of giving London hope that the “city would soon rise again.” This memorial stands 202 feet (61.5 meters) from Farrier's baking house on Pudding Lane, where the devastating fire is said to have started. Notice that the monument’s height was designed to match its distance from Pudding Lane.
Check out the live views displayed on a screen at the memorial’s entrance. This installation by video artist Chris Meigh-Andrews provides a 24-hour live stream of time-lapse images as sun, clouds, city lights and human activities provide changing perspectives of the city.
Standing 15 feet (4.5 meters) wide, the Monument is composed of Portland stone. Look for a gilded bronze urn set on top, from which flames emerge. This urn symbolizes the Great Fire. Not quite as tall as the Monument itself, the viewing platform is 160 feet (49 meters) high.
Climb the Monument’s spiral staircase, which narrows as it curves toward the outdoor observation platform. Be aware that this staircase offers no landings or other places to stop and rest, so be prepared to make the entire climb. After your descent, be sure to pick up a certificate stating that you successfully made the climb to the top.
The staircase opens up to a public balcony, where you can look through talking telescopes that describe the sights visible on the horizon. Find Tower Bridge, Port of London and the dome of St. Paul’s cathedral. Curving down the memorial’s north side is a metal band, which acts as a lightning rod.
Reach the Monument by taking the Tube to either Monument or London Bridge stations. Pay a small admission fee to climb to the top. Opening hours vary by season.
Would you like to make your time spent at Monument to the Great Fire of London even more unforgettable? Don't miss the chance to try one or two of these things to do:
Want to experience this popular attraction in an unforgettable way? Then you can't go past an Expert-Led London History Tour.
For many more activities, have a look at our London things to do page.
Located in London City Centre, this hotel is within a 10-minute walk of Tower Bridge, Tower of London and HMS Belfast. Tower Gateway Station is 6 minutes by foot and Tower Hill Station is 7 minutes.
Located in London City Centre, this spa hotel is steps away from Southbank Centre Book Market and Florence Nightingale Museum. St. Thomas' Hospital and Sea Life London Aquarium are also within 5 minutes. Waterloo Underground Station is only a 4-minute walk and Lambeth North Underground Station is 6 minutes.
Located in London City Centre, this eco-friendly hotel is within a 15-minute walk of Covent Garden Market, Piccadilly Circus and London Dungeon. Big Ben and Buckingham Palace are also within 1 mi (2 km). Charing Cross Underground Station is 5 minutes by foot and Covent Garden Underground Station is 5 minutes.
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Located in London City Centre, this luxury hotel is within a 10-minute walk of Borough Market, London Bridge and HMS Belfast. Globe Theatre and Tate Modern are also within 1 mi (2 km). London Bridge Station is only a 2-minute walk and London Bridge Underground Station is 2 minutes.
This family-friendly London hotel is located in the historical district, within a 10-minute walk of Tower of London and Tower Bridge. Borough Market and St. Paul's Cathedral are also within 1 mi (2 km). Tower Hill Station is only a 2-minute walk and Tower Gateway Station is 3 minutes.
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Located in London City Centre, this hotel is steps away from St. Paul's Cathedral and London Stock Exchange. Old Bailey and Museum of London are also within 10 minutes. Blackfriars Underground Station and St. Paul's Underground Station are within a 5-minute walk.